The scientific name of the parrot is Psittaciformes, and they are also called Psittacines. Parrots usually live in a place where the weather is warm such as Africa, South America, and Australia. They are one of the most popular birds in all over the world and are also known to be kept as pets. These birds are omnivores so they love to eat vegetables, fruits, seeds, and insects.

If we talk about the appearance of pa, these birds are adorable and cute. They have short necks, their wings are wide and their tail can be both long and short depending on the breed. The body size of Psittacines is between 10 to 40 inches and their weight of the body is around 70g to 1.6g.

Psittacines learn a lot of things when they live as pets, these birds are intelligent and creative as well, and they can do mimicry and make different sounds of humans. One study showed us the ability of a grey parrot whose name was Alex, he used to be trained to answer difficult questions and also he was able to use words to recognize different things.

Gramhir offers a comprehensive and user-friendly platform for managing your Instagram presence. With its advanced features for analytics, scheduling, and growth tracking, it empowers businesses and influencers to maximize their performance on the platform. By utilizing Gramhir, you can ensure that your Instagram strategy is well-informed, organized, and optimized for success.


There are around 400 species of Psittacines all over the world and every species have many individual parrots such as the grey parrot specie which has approximately 630,000 to 13 million birds. Budgerigar species has around 5 million individual birds. The white-fronted Amazon and red-Lored Amazon both species have between 500,000 to 5 million while the white cockatoo has only 43,000 to 183,000.

In country-wise parrot population, Brazil has more than 70 parrot species which is the most from all countries, Australia has around 56 species, Italy has 21 and India has only 11 species of Psittacinest. Around 33 parrot species live in Amazon jungle.

Parrot Species:

Species Scientific Name Origin Average Lifespan
Grey Parrot Psittacus erithacus Central Africa  20 to 40 years
Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus Australia  4 to 8 years
Sulfur-crested Cockatoo Cacatua galerita Australia 20 to 40 years
Hyacinth Macaw Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus South America 30 to 50 years
Scarlet Macaw Ara macao South America 40 to 50 years
Moluccan eclectus Eclectus roratus Maluku Islands 30 to 40 years
Cockatiel Nymphicus hollandicus Australia 10 to 15 years
Blue and Yellow Macaw Ara ararauna South and Central America 25 to 35 years
Sun Conure Aratinga solstitialis Northeastern South America 15 and 30 years
Monk Parakeet Myiopsitta monachus South America 20 to 30 years
Senegal Poicephalus senegalus Central West Africa 25 to 35 years
Rainbow Lorikeet Trichoglossus moluccanus Australia 20 to 30 years
Burrowing Cyanoliseus patagonus Argentina 20 to 30 years
Kakapo Strigops habroptilus Newzealand 40 to 60 years
Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri Africa and South Asia 20 to 30 years
Lilac-crowned Amazon Amazon finschi Mexico 40 to 60 years
Kea Nestor notabilis New Zealand 30 to 50 years
Blue-fronted Amazon Amazon aestiva Brazil 25 to 40 years
Green Rosella Platycercus caledonicus Tasmania 20 to 30 years
Yellow-crowned Amazon Amazon ochrocephala South America 60 to 80 years
Red Rumped Psephotus haematonotus South-eastern Australia 30 to 40 years
Cuban Amazon Amazona leucocephala Cuba 50 to 60 years
Thicked-billed Parrot Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha Northern Mexico 30 to 50 years
Puerto rican Amazon Amazon vittata Mexico 20 to 30 years
Carolina Parakeet Conuropsis carolinensis Eastern United States 15 to 25 years
Yellow-faced Alipiopsitta xanthops South America 40 to 60 years
Green Parakeet Psittacara holochlorus Mexico 10 to 20 years
Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus South America 20 to 30 years
Red-crowned Amazon Amazon viridigenalis Eastern Mexico 30 to 50 years
Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloropterus South America 40 to 60 years
Red Fan Deroptyus accipitrinus Mexico 35 to 45 years
Hispaniolan Amazon Amazon ventralis South America 50 to 60 years
Golden-winged Parakeet Brotogeris chrysoptera Brazil 15 to 25 years
Orange Bellied  Neophema chrysogaster South-west Tasmania 5 to 10 years
Orange-winged Amazon Amazon amazonica South America 30 to 40 years
Chestnut-fronted Macaw Ara severus Northern South America 30 to 40 years
New Caledonian Lorikeet Vini diadema New Calidonia 10 to 20 years
Saint vincent Amazon Amazon guildingii St.vincent 40 to 60 years
White Cockatoo Cacatua alba Indonesia 45 to 60 years
Crimson Rosella Platycercus elegans Australia 15 to 20 years
Rosy-faced Lovebird Agapornis roseicollis Southwestern Africa 15 to 25 years
Spix’s Macaw Cyanopsitta spixii Brazil 25 to 30 years
Blue Crowned parakeet Thectocercus Acuticaudatus South America 20 to 30 years
Red Crowned parakeet Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae Newzealand 10 to 20 years
Galah Eolophus roseicapilla Australia 30 to 40 years
Vulturine Pyrilia vulturina Papua New Guinea’s 20 to 40 years
Yellow Naped Amazon Amazona auropalliata South America 60 to 80 years
Yellow Chevroned parakeet Brotogeris chiriri South America 10 to 25 years
Mulga Psephotus varius Southern Australia 10 to 20 years
Black-headed Parrot Pionites melanocephalus South America 20 to 30 years
Red-tailed black Cockatoo Calyptorhynnchus banksii Australia 40 to 50 years

Rarest Species

Following list shows some of the rarest parrot species that cannot be found easily.

  • Sulu Racquet Tail
  • Indigo Wwinged
  • Kakapo
  • Red-throated Lorikeet
  • Glaucous Macaw
  • Spix’s Macaw
  • Puerto Rican Amazon
  • Orange-bellied Parrot
  • Blue-throated Macaw
  • New Caledonian Lorikeet

Adorable Species

Following list shows some adorable species of parrots that everyone wish to pet in their home.

  • Galah
  • African grey
  • Eclectus
  • Scarlet Macaw
  • Sun parakeet
  • Blue and yellow macaw
  • Dusky Lory
  • Sulphur-crested cockatoo
  • Bronzed winged
  • Hyacinth macaw

Colors and Patterns:

Psittacines are one of the most colorful birds in the world, you will see them in different shades and a mixture of colors, and their colors make them one of the most astonishing birds. You can see them in all rainbow colors. It is very rare to see a Psittacines in one body color, most birds have multiple colors or a combination of colors.

Common Colors of Psittacines

Here is the list of all common colors of psittacines, these colors are easy to find when you are going to purchase these birds.

  • Red
  • Orange
  • Blue
  • Green
  • Yellow
  • Pink

Personality Traits:

There are different personality traits that can be found in these majestic birds such as curious, talkative, and social. Psittacines are also known as naughty birds, they love to interact with people and other pet birds. Sometimes they become aggressive and try to bite on fingers, if you are the parrot owner, you might have experienced their t bite.

Psittacines are also playful by nature, they love to enjoy swings, so make sure to attach at least one swing to their cage. These birds are very loud as well, you might get irritated when you try to sleep, their vocalization is very noisy and the majority of people can’t stand these birds due to their vocal sound.

Parrots as Pets

pet psittacine

Psittacines have been famous for being kept as pets in different parts of the world, their majestic looks and colorful appearance attract people to bring them home. They are entertaining birds so you will never get bored while spending time with these birds.

The good thing is that they have around 400 species which means you have a lot of options to get your favorite parrot. They have both good and bad things in their personalities so make sure that you check the following list to ensure that, are these birds convenient to become your pet.

Parrots in Wildlife

Wild parrots

Life of a wild psittacine is not easy, it is even difficult for them to survive. Sometimes, their owners let their pet bird fly so they have to go but most of the time we have seen parrots can’t stand living in a cage, they want to live independently, so that’s why they make a decision to leave their owner’s house.

Psittacines don’t realize how difficult wildlife is until they leave their owner’s place. Many wild birds such as eagles, and falcons are desperately waiting to attack them. Not only wild birds but there are some people who bother these wild birds by throwing stones at them which is very sad but that’s the reality.

By giving love and care to those parrots, they can become your pets, so they will have a new home and you will have a pet that will be convenient for both of you. Simply try to move on towards them in a positive manner.

Care Routine:

If a psittacines is your starter pet bird, you might have many questions on your mind regarding his care routine but don’t worry, we are here to give all the answers to your questions. From your parrot pet vaccination to his food, here we have mentioned all things.

Big Cage

Their cage should be big, so your pet has a spacious space to live. Cleaning of the cage needs to be done after every 2 to 3 days to avoid bad smells of psittacines poop. Don’t forget to put a little bowl of water in that cage, so your pet gets water when he wants. To avoid your pet’s loneliness when you are not at home, you can have 4 to 5 parrot pets in one big cage.


Vaccinations are a common and important part of pet animals such as dogs and cats to protect them from various diseases but the majority of people are not conscious about psittacine vaccination. There are very less people who give vaccination to their pet birds.

Although vaccination of psittacines is not necessary because they have to stay in a cage all the time to improve their health, you can give them a polyomavirus vaccine to avoid certain diseases in your pet.


The Grooming of these astonishing birds is similar to animal pets such as rabbits, dogs, etc. In parrot grooming, you need to give them a bath, and their nail trimming should be done. Another thing included in psittacine grooming is feather care to maintain their looks.

You can trim your pet’s nails and give them a bath by yourself but be sure to hire a professional person for their feather grooming.


The common food that every psittacine likes to eat is tomato, pearl millet, and green chili. In South Asia, many people often give those three foods to their pet birds. However, there are some other foods that can be included in their diet such as bananas, zucchini, rice, and seeds. These all foods are quite reasonable in price and easily found in the markets.


Parrots are smart and intelligent birds, training these birds would be a piece of cake for you. Training is another way to make a strong bond with your pet. As we know, they love to do mimicry so you can teach them different sounds as well.

You should also train them to “get back to the cage” and make sure to reward your pet with his favorite meal when he back to the cage. It’s all up to you which type of training you want to give to your parrot but keep remembering to avoid negative training methods. You can give them a name that suits their appearance and personality.

Click here to view some name ideas for parrots.

You can also follow some easy, but important steps to train your bird. Some steps are listed below:

Start with Easy Steps

Make sure to start your parrot training with easy steps until your pet gets used to that. In the beginning, you can train your pet to do a wave or to say hello. Be sure to give these easy training for at least 2 to 3 weeks so when they are able to perform these tricks then go for some hard training.

Training with a Reward

In this training method, you have to give your parrot pet a reward when they perform well in training. That reward will surely boost their energy and momentum, so they will be able to do well every time when you train them. A reward for your parrot can be anything such as his favorite food etc.

Avoid Punishment

People often use negative reinforcement methods while training their pets such as electric shocks which make parrots more aggressive towards their owner and could cause many behavioral problems in a pet. If you want to make a good bond with your pet, you should avoid these kinds of training methods and punishments.

Train Every Day

If you want your pet to learn different things and tricks quickly, be sure to stay consistent in their training. You need to train your pet every day or 5 times a week. It would be better to create a schedule of training, so you can take off when you are busy and can’t be available in training sessions.


Parrots come in the category of birds that have longer lifespans. There are more than 400 species of psittacines and every species has a different life expectancy. Not only that, their lifespan is also different in wildlife and in captivity. The average life expectancy of these astonishing birds is around 30 to 50 years. Cockatoo was the oldest parrot which died at the age of 82.

The Lifespan of Pet Parrots

As we know these birds have longer lifespans in captivity than wildlife but what if they don’t get a convenient environment while living as pets? Obviously, their life expectancy would not be longer than it should be. The average lifespan of parrots as pets is around 50 to 70 years, if they don’t live for 50 to 70 years then at least 20 to 30 years would surely have their lifespan in captivity. Make sure to provide a safe and healthy environment to your precious pet, so they can live with you for a longer time.

The Lifespan of Wild Parrots

As we know the dangers these parrots have to face in wildlife which affect their life expectancy. Forget about the diseases that they get, many wild birds are there to end these birds’ lives. Wild parrots will be lucky enough if they can live for 5 to 10 years. Although, every day their life is in danger.

Parrot Lifestyle Average Lifespan
Pet parrots 20 to 30 years
Wild parrots 15 to 20 years

Pros & Cons:


  • Parrots have longer lifespans than any other pet.                                                                   
  • They come in various colors.
  • They don’t need big space to live.
  • Psittacines are entertaining and loveable birds.
  • You can easily train them.
  • They are creatives and have the ability to make different sounds.
  • They are easy to groom.
  • Their diet is not expensive.
  • You can easily take them anywhere.
  • They are small in size that’s why they are easy to handle.


  • Parrots poop a lot and everywhere.
  • There are many behavioral problems that you find in parrots.
  • These birds are very messy.
  • They can become aggressive and might bite their owner.
  • Their vocal sound is very loud.
  • Parrots need attention all the time.
  • Psittacines are expensive to purchase.
  • These birds are not loyal pets.
  • If they get any disease, it will be difficult to find a vet for them.
  • You have to bring a big cage for your pet birds.


The hyacinth macaw is the largest parrot which is 3 feet 3 inches long from head to tail and its weight is around 1.7 kg.

The buff-faced pygmy parrot is the smallest parrot which weighs around 0.41 ounces and its height is only 3.4 inches.

Psittacine common diseases include bird fever which is also known as psittacosis, giardia, polyomavirus, malnutrition, and Pacheco’s. Make sure to contact to vet if you see any symptoms in your pet of these diseases.

Parrots are known as energetic birds. their personality traits include talkative, naughty, playful, etc. They love to have fun with everyone they meet.

The appearance of psittacines does not look wild like other birds which makes them unique and attractive and their personality is also the main reason that they are famous throughout the world.


Parrots are one the most fascinating and clever birds, we hardly see them in wildlife because people love them to make pets, they don’t hesitate to spend money on these majestic birds weather on its purchasing cost or on their care. They are known as entertaining pets with whom you will never get bored.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *